“And thy Lord taught the Bee To build its cells in hills, On trees, and in
(men’s) habitations; Then to eat of all The produce (of the earth), And
find with skill the spacious Paths of its Lord.” [Al-Qur’aan 16:68-69]
Von-Frisch received the Nobel Prize in 1973 for his research on the
behaviour and communication of the bees. The bee, after discovering any new
garden or flower, goes back and tells its fellow bees the exact direction and
map to get there, which is known as ‘bee dance’. The meanings of this
insect’s movements that are intended to transmit information between worker
bees have been discovered scientifically using photography and other
methods. The Qur’aan mentions in the above verse how the bee finds with
skill the spacious paths of its Lord.
The worker bee or the soldier bee is a female bee. In Soorah Al-Nahl chapter
no. 16, verses 68 and 69 the gender used for the bee is the female gender
(fa’slukî and kulî), indicating that the bee that leaves its home for gathering
food is a female bee. In other words the soldier or worker bee is a female bee.
In fact, in Shakespeare’s play, “Henry the Fourth”, some of the characters
speak about bees and mention that the bees are soldiers and that they have a
king. That is what people thought in Shakespearean times. They thought that
the worker bees are male bees and they go home and are answerable to a king
bee. This, however, is not true. The worker bees are females and they do not
report to a king bee but to a queen bee. But it took modern investigations in
the last 300 years to discover this.